How to Propagate Asparagus Ferns – [ Pot, Seed & Cutting ]

Do you love gardening? And love planting plants for your kitchen garden? Then you would like asparagus and its benefits as a vegetable. Asparagus is a plant with a lily family background, and it’s not a fern in real life. It looks like grass but is quite long. The leaves are narrow, thick, and pointed. This plant produces tiny flowers that look highly attractive. The stem has spikes all over it and is covered with fern-like leaves which makes it hard to handle while propagating. Be careful before you start.

Complete Guide On How to Propagate Asparagus Ferns

This is a complete guide on how to propagate Asparagus Ferns and what are its environmental needs for healthy growth.

1. Things You’ll Need

Here are the things you should have for best possible results.

Healthy Parent plant

A healthy mother or parent plant is the most important thing you should have. It is of foremost importance because, with healthy mother plants, you would have healthy offspring.

Scissors or sharp knife

Sharp scissors or knife is a necessary tool for the cutting of the shoots for propagation. It is used for the propagation methods through cuttings.


Make sure to get the appropriately sized pots for the growth of your asparagus plant. You need to have two different sizes of jars, including the 3 inches pot and 5-7 inches pots, which would be helpful in transplantation.

Potting Soil

Get the best potting soil or potting mix to give your plant complete nutrition during growth. It would give your plant a nutritious surrounding to help the plant grow ideally.

Water Spray

Plants love water, especially in hot weather. Ensure you have a water spray available for the seedlings or the roots you are planting.

The Sheet Covering (if required)

It is not compulsory to have the sheet covering, but you need to cover the plant if required.

2. Types of Propagation

Propagation is the spreading of the plant. It is done with different techniques and methods to cover your ground or to have more organic and pure home veggies. Similarly, the propagation of asparagus ferns is easy and doesn’t take much of your time and effort. If you love gardening, you should try growing asparagus ferns in your kitchen garden or your lawn to get purely grown vegetables at your home.

There are two different methods used for the propagation of asparagus ferns. Each of them is clearly and thoroughly explained below, with all the necessary information you should know before initiating the propagation of asparagus ferns.

  • Propagation Through Seeds
  • Propagation Through Cuttings

3. Propagation Through Seeds

You need seeds of the asparagus ferns to spread it in your home garden. The rest of the process is explained below for getting good-quality asparagus ferns.

Get Your Pot And Seeds Ready

It would be best to have good quality seeds for your Asparagus Ferns to obtain a healthy yield. For this, better sow the seeds for 24 hours or minimum overnight in water to make them soft. In this way, you are helping the seedlings to come out of the seed covering without much effort.

Get a pot of almost 3 inches, and these are the starter pots. Put your potting mix in it and mix it with good quality compost. Make a good mixture and put water to make it moist. Leave it for 20 minutes, so the soil gets settled, and extra water gets drained off. Make a hole with a finger or stick in the middle of the soil inside the pot. It should be 1/4th inch deep.

Put two seeds you have softened earlier in each of the holes and cover them with more soil to make it fully covered. Put water over it and leave.

Environmental Conditions

Select the healthiest soil for the seeds. Similarly, if you have a germination mat, make it ready with a temperature of 85 degrees Fahrenheit during daytime and 70 degrees Fahrenheit during nighttime.

These asparagus seeds need full sun for the proper germination, whereas they can tolerate partial shade also. The best season is late spring which means the start of April to the end of May.

The best suitable pH for germination is 6.5 to 7. If you can check pH, go for it; if it’s not possible for you to properly check pH, make sure the soil and compost you are using is healthy and is highly fertile.

See The Calendar

Now, it’s time to wait and watch. Your seeds should germinate between 3 to 7 weeks. They need to be kept moist for better growth. Keep on checking and managing the temperature and moistness around the seed inside your pot.


Check on your seeds after 21 days, and they should be at least 2 inches in height before planting them into their original place. It may take several days to reach the height of transplanting. When you are sure that you can handle the germinated seed, carefully shift it from the starter pot to another bigger pot or the place you have chosen to grow your asparagus ferns.

4. Propagation Through Cuttings

This is another method with which you can spread the asparagus ferns, which is through cuttings of the healthy parent plant. This method is more appropriate and takes less time than the seedling method.

Selection Of The Mother Asparagus Plant

Buy the healthiest mother plant of the asparagus ferns to get the maximum production of the offspring. Or, if you have it in your kitchen garden or lawn, choose the best plant with healthy leaves and stems to make sure you get the best results.

Make Cuttings

Take the selected healthiest mother plant out of the pot, and you have to perform this action through careful handling. The leaves are thin and can be torn apart, and this may damage the mother plant, which ultimately results in flaws. Take it out of the pot with all the roots it has. Shake it to remove the extra hard fixed soil around the roots. You can take the help of your fingers by running them in the roots to remove unnecessary soil. In this way, you will get separated shoots with their roots.

Detangle the roots from each other and cut the extra parts. Separate each shot and use a scissor or knife if you need it. When separating each shoot, check for enough roots every node should have. In this, you would grow thick and healthy new asparagus ferns.

Prepare Pot and Soil

If the roots are small, place them in water to make them grow enough, so you can quickly put them in soil. In this way, you would have healthy, long roots.

If the roots you have taken from the mother plants are longer and thicker, you can directly put them in the soil. Take one shoot with a healthy root system and put it in the soil mixture you have made in your pot. Cover it with more soil and put water over it. This will result in healthy growth. Make sure to take healthy soil with completely nutritious compost.

Watering and Transplantation

Leave it and let it generally grow like the other mature asparagus plants. It takes time to grip roots in the soil, and then the plant will grow naturally and healthily.

Notice and focus on the plant’s growth. When you are sure that it is thriving, shift or transplant it to the place you have decided to propagate the plant.


How do you propagate asparagus plants?

Various techniques can do it. The most commonly used are propagation through seeds and propagation through Cuttings. They are different from each other but need similar conditions for growth.

What are the best environmental conditions for the asparagus ferns to grow?

The climate should not be very hot or highly chilled. It should be moderate, like at the end of the spring season. This season is best for the germination of asparagus seeds or the growth of the asparagus plants. It needs full sunlight to grow but can also tolerate partial shade.

What is the germination period of the asparagus seeds?

It takes somewhere between 21 days which is three weeks to 7 weeks. You can wait for a minimum of 3 to a maximum of seven weeks to germinate the asparagus seeds. Keep on checking the soil, temperature, and softness level around the seed.

Final Thoughts

I would suggest selecting the best seeds for the best germination if you are adopting propagation through the seeds method. And the best healthiest mother plant if you are choosing the propagation through cuttings method. They both are slightly different from each other but give outstanding results. Ensure to read and understand both ways and the necessary climatic conditions for the growth of your asparagus ferns. Also, initially make sure to keep the plant away from your pets.